TARTARUS

TARTARUS
fluv. Venetiae, ex Athesi in Padum per Hadriae fines decurrens; unde unum ex Padi ostiis Tartarum a Plinio, l. 3. c. 16. nominatur. Est et Tartarus, et Tartara numer. plural. locus inferorum a poetis plurimum celebratus, in quo sontes plectuntur, Virg. Aen. l. 6. v. 543.
Exercet poenas, et ad impia Tartara mittit.
A verbo Graeco ταράττω, conturbo, quod illic omnia plena sint perturbationis; vel ἀπὸ τοῦ ταρταρίζειν, i. e. a tremore frigoris. Sole enim caret, inquit Servius. Aliis placet ab ἔταρον derivari, secundô
indefinitô τοῦ τείρω, Τάρος, atque per anadiplosin Τάρταρος. Doctissimo D. Windetto origo Chaldaica multo magis placet, a themate dardar, i. e. decidit; quô sensu Tartaus pro eo quod subsidit, ac fundum petit, accipitur. Sic Hebraei infima terrae pro Gehenna usurpant. Homer. Iliad. θ. v. 481.
Η῏ μιν ἑλὼν ῥίψω εἰς Τάρταρον ἠερόεντα.
Τῆλε μάλ ᾗχι βάθιςον Υ`πὸ χθονός ἐςι βέρεθρον,
Τόςςον ἔνερθ ἀΐδεω ὅσον οὐρανός ἐς᾿ ἀπὸ γαίης.
Virg. Aen. l. 6. v. 577.
——— Tartarus ipse
Bis patet in praeceps tantum, tenditque sub umbras,
Quantus ad aethereum caeli suspectus Olympum.
Non desunt, inquit vir magnus, l. 1. Chanaan, c. 40. quibus Tartarus nihil aliud est, quam aer crassus, frigidus ac tenebrosus circa polos. Ita Crates apud Stephanum: Τάρταρος, Κράτης, τὸν ὑπὸ τοῖς πόλοις ἀέρα παχυν´ τε καὶ ψυχρόν τινα, καὶ ἀφώτιςον. Hesych. Τάρταρος, ὁ ὑπὸ τὴν γην̑ κατώτατος τόπος. Nic Lloydius. Duplicia vero habuisse Tartara Poetas, liquet ex Papinio Statio, l. 5. Sylv. 1. v. 192.
Sic ego, nec Furias, nec deteriora videbo
Tartata, et Elysias felix admittar in oras.
Ubi deteriora vocat, in quibus poenae exercerentur. Altera Elysias oras mox appellat. Vide quoque Virg. l. 6. Aen. v. 578. etc.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • Tartarus — Personnage de fiction Origine Doisac, Système Oth Sonin Genre Masculin Espèce Brute …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tartarus — Tar ta*rus (t[aum]r t[.a]*r[u^]s), prop. n. [L., from Gr. Ta rtaros.] (Class. Myth.) The infernal regions, described in the Iliad as situated as far below Hades as heaven is above the earth, and by later writers as the place of punishment for the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tartărus — Tartărus, Weinstein, s.d. T ammoniātus, weinsteinsaures Kali Ammoniumoxyd. T. boraxatus, Boraxweinstein. T. cbalybeatus, weinsaures Eisenoxydkalium. T. crudus, roher Weinstein. T. dentĭum, Zahnweinstein. T. depuratus, gereinigter Weinstein. T.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tartărus — (lat.), Weinstein, saures weinsaures Kali; T. ammoniatus, weinsaures Kaliammoniak; T. boraxatus, Boraxweinstein; T. depuratus, Cremor tartari, gereinigter Weinstein; T. emeticus, stibiatus, Brechweinstein; T. ferratus, martiatus, chalybeatus,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tartarus — Tartarus, myth., tiefer Abgrund, in welchen Zeus die Titanen und andere Frevler stürzte; in der späteren Auffassung der Theil der Unterwelt, in welchem die Verdammten ihre Strafe erlitten. – T., in der Chemie, der Weinstein; Tartarite, Tartrate,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tartarus — the abyss below Hades in Greek mythology, from Gk. Tartaros, of uncertain origin; prob. a word of imitative origin, suggestive of something frightful [Klein] …   Etymology dictionary

  • Tartarus — [tär′tə rəs] n. [L < Gr Tartaros] Gr. Myth. 1. an infernal abyss below Hades, where Zeus hurls the rebel Titans, later a place of punishment for the wicked after death 2. HADES (sense 1a) …   English World dictionary

  • Tartarus — Persephone supervising Sisyphus in the Underworld, Attic black figure amphora, ca. 530 BC. This article is about the deity and the place in Greek mythology. For other uses, see Tartarus (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Tartarus — Tartaros (auch Tartarus geschrieben) ist in der griechischen Mythologie (ebenso wie Hades, Erebos) ein Teil der Unterwelt, auch: Hölle, Unterwelt, Schattenreich. Es ist der Strafort der Unterwelt. Zu ewigen Qualen im Tartaros verurteilt waren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tartarus — /tahr teuhr euhs/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a sunless abyss, below Hades, in which Zeus imprisoned the Titans. 2. a place in Hades for the punishment of the wicked. * * * In Greek mythology, the lowest depths of the underworld. It was a region of… …   Universalium

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